Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d'Arc, IPA: [ʒan daʁk]; 6 January c. 1412 – 30 May 1431).[1]

Powers in Life

Visions of the dead.

Powers in Death

Visions of the living.

Trial[2] and Execution[3]

On 23 May 1430, she was captured at Compiègne by the Burgundian faction, which was allied with the English. She was later handed over to the English and put on trial by the pro-English Bishop of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon on a variety of charges.

She wore male (i.e. military) clothing in prison because it gave her the ability to fasten her hosen, boots and tunic together into one piece, which deterred rape by making it difficult to pull her hosen off. She was evidently afraid to give up this outfit even temporarily because it was likely to be confiscated by the judge and she would thereby be left without protection.

Cross-dressing was the primary reason for her conviction of heresy.

On the 30th of May 1431 she was tied to a tall pillar at the Vieux-Marché in Rouen. After she died, the English raked back the coals to expose her charred body so that no one could claim she had escaped alive. They then burned the body twice more, to reduce it to ashes and prevent any collection of relics, and cast her remains into the Seine River. The executioner, Geoffroy Thérage, later stated that he "greatly feared to be damned."


  1. Wikipedia: Joan of Arc
  2. Wikipedia: Joan of Arc #Trial
  3. Wikipedia: Joan of Arc #execution
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